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双语热点:被张冠李戴的名人语录 他们没说过这话******

撰文、演讲、交谈时引用格言警句、名人语录,往往可以起到事半功倍的效果,平添几分力量或文采。但是,那些随手拈来的经典名句,究竟是不是某人所说,引用时很少有人质疑,尤其是流传已久的历史名人语录。

Five historical quotes that we probably misquote

Quoting a famous saying is often a quick (and impressive) way to communicate what we’re thinking to someone else.

引用格言警句、名人语录通常是一种快速且令人印象深刻的表达思想的方式。

But are you sure that the quote you’re repeating is actually correct?

但是你是否想过,这些名人语录究竟是不是出自某人之口?

Here are five popular quotations from famous historical figures that are inaccurate, or maybe even plain made up.

下面是五则此类被后世频繁引用的名言,这些名言是不准确的,有些甚至是杜撰的。

“Be the change you wish to see in the world.” – Mahatma Gandhi

“要想改变世界,就先改变自己。” —— 甘地

Mahatma Gandhi, who was the leader of the independence movement against British rule in India, is the source of many often quoted lines. Among them is this one, which emphasises that global change begins with personal responsibility.

圣雄甘地(Mahatma Gandhi)是英国殖民统治时期印度民族英雄,独立运动领袖。他有很多警世名言流传后世。这句话是被引用最多的之一。强调凡事应大处着眼、小处着手。

The problem is that there’s no record of him ever actually saying or writing it. The nearest thing he did say was published in 1913 in the newspaper Indian Opinion (which he had founded): “We but mirror the world. All the tendencies present in the outer world are to be found in the world of our body. If we could change ourselves, the tendencies in the world would also change.”

问题是,没有找到确凿的记录证明这句话是甘地所说或所写。他说的最接近的话是 1913 年发表在他所创办的《印度意见》报纸上:“我们只不过是世界的镜像。外部世界的所有倾向都能在我们自身所在的世界里找到。如果可以改变自己,那么外部世界的倾向也会相应改变。”

“I disapprove of what you say, but I will defend to the death your right to say it.” – Voltaire

“我不同意你的观点,但我会誓死捍卫你表达自己观点的权利。” —— 伏尔泰

This quotation, supposedly by French writer and philosopher Voltaire, is often cited by free speech advocates. In a nutshell, it's saying that if you believe strongly in people’s right to express what they believe in, you will defend it even when they’re saying something you really don’t want to hear, or find offensive.

这句话一直被认为是法国文豪、哲学家伏尔泰的名言,经常被后人引用来倡导、争取言论自由。这句话的核心意思是,如果你坚信表达信念的权利,那么即使别人所言令你极度反感,完全反对,甚至觉得构成冒犯,你也会为之辩护。

Voltaire, who lived between 1694 and 1778, certainly believed in free speech. Much of his writing attacked the Catholic Church’s attempts to restrict people’s liberty at the time. But he almost certainly never expressed his views in his most often ‘quoted’ line.

伏尔泰(1694 - 1778)当然信奉言论自由。他的许多作品都在抨击当时的天主教会对人性自由的压制、束缚。但是,几乎可以肯定,他没有说过或写过这句世代流传、被广泛引用的名言。

The quote has its roots in a biography by Evelyn Beatrice Hall published in 1906, more than a century after Voltaire’s death. In it, she tries to sum up Voltaire’s thoughts on freedom of speech and wrote the line to help do that.

这句话的根源可以追溯到1906年出版的一本传记,作者是伊芙琳·比阿特丽丝·霍尔(Evelyn Beatrice Hall)。那时伏尔泰已经离开人世一个多世纪。霍尔在书中尝试对伏尔泰关于言论自由的思想加以总结概括,于是写下了这句话。

“The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing.” - Edmund Burke

“邪恶获胜的唯一必要条件是好人什么都不做。—— 埃德蒙·伯克

Edmund Burke was an 18th-Century philosopher, statesman and writer who was an MP for the Whig Party for over 20 years. Among his most regularly referenced quotations is this one.

埃德蒙·伯克(Edmund Burke)是英国18世纪哲学家、政治家和作家,当过20多年辉格党国会议员。这句话是最经常被提及、最广为人知的一句格言。

What Burke did say, in 1770, was, “When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall, one by one, an unpitied sacrifice in a contemptible struggle.”

1770年,伯克确实说过一句话:“当坏人抱团时,好人必须联合,否则他们会一个一个倒下,成为一场卑鄙的斗争中无人同情的牺牲品。”

The quote seems to have been warped soon after, and was even referenced by President John F. Kennedy in a famous speech in 1961.

这段话很快广为流传,不知不觉中扭曲了本来面目。1961年时任美国总统肯尼迪在一次著名的演说中还引用了这句“伯克名言”。

“I cannot tell a lie. I cut down the cherry tree.” - George Washington

“我不能撒谎。是我砍了樱桃树。”—— 乔治·华盛顿

Among his supporters George Washington, who was the first president of the United States, was famed for his honesty. This was often illustrated by a story in which the 6-year-old Washington chopped down his dad’s prized cherry tree but, when his vandalism was discovered, he immediately admitted to the crime.

美国开国总统乔治·华盛顿(George Washington)广为人称颂的优点之一是诚实。关于这一点有一个广为人知的典故:华盛顿六岁时有一次把父亲引以为傲的一颗樱桃树砍了。被发现后,他没有隐瞒,痛快地承认了。

It’s a beloved and oft-told tale, which became a symbol of Washington's virtues. It first appeared in biographer Mason Locke Weems’s account of Washington’s life, which was published a year after Washington’s death in 1799.

这个深受喜爱且经常被人津津乐道的小故事代代相传,也成了华盛顿人品美德的一个象征。它最初见于作者梅森·洛克·维姆斯(Mason Locke Weems)笔下的华盛顿传记,发表于1799年华盛顿去世一年后。

But the story wasn't even included in Weems’s book until the fifth edition in 1806. With no other evidence prior to that, some argue the story could have been completely made up.

但是,维姆斯的华盛顿传记前四版里都没有这个故事,第一次出现是在1806年第五版,而之前没有其他佐证,因此有人怀疑那根本就是纯属杜撰。

“Let them eat cake!” - Marie Antoinette

“让他们吃蛋糕!”—— 玛丽·安托瓦内特

Marie Antoinette was queen of France during the period leading up to the French Revolution of 1789. When she was informed that her starving subjects had no bread to eat, she is supposed to have declared, “Let them eat cake!”. The quote is either meant to show how she was so out of touch with the real lives of poor people, or that she just didn’t care.

玛丽·安托瓦内特(Marie Antoinette)是1789 年法国大革命之前的法国王后。据说,有一天她听说民间闹饥荒,百姓没有面包果腹。王后听闻此言脱口而出:“让他们吃蛋糕!” 这个典故的寓意是讽刺皇后对平民百姓的生活一无所知,或者毫不关心。

The story seems to have surfaced in the writings of Enlightenment philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau around 1767, but he just attributes if to ‘a great princess’. But since Antoinette was a child at the time, it’s unlikely she was the princess he was talking about. Also, similar stories about different uncaring aristocrats had been floating around for years.

这个桥段似乎最早出现在1767年前后,文艺复兴时期哲学家卢梭(Jean-Jacques Rousseau)的笔下。但是,他只提到说这句话的是“一位公主”,而当时玛丽还是个孩子,不大可能是卢梭笔下的那位公主。更何况,多年来民间一直流传着类似讽刺贵族冷漠无情的传闻。

It was first specifically connected to Marie Antoinette in a pamphlet by writer Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Karr published 50 years after her death, and even then that was to say that the rumour about her saying it was untrue.

这个蛋糕典故与玛丽·安托瓦内特第一次明确挂钩,是在她死后 50 年发行的一本小册子上,作者是让-巴蒂斯特·阿尔方斯·卡尔(Jean-Baptiste Alphonse Karr)。不过,那本小册子实际上说的是关于她的那个蛋糕典故实际上是谣传,不是真的。

Winning the only option for Barca as Koeman's side entertain Dynamo Kiev******

MADRID, Oct. 19 (Xinhua) -- FC Barcelona face the first of two season-defining games when they play Dynamo Kiev in the Champions League on Wednesday night in a game they have to win.

Although some sectors of the press are already looking ahead to Sunday's 'El Clasico' against Real Madrid, Barca have to give their full attention to Wednesday's game if they are to avoid an early exit from Europe.

3-0 defeats to Bayern Munich and Benfica in their first two group games mean that Barca have to win both of their matches against the Ukrainian side to have a chance of reaching the knockout stages - something that is vital not just for the club's sporting prestige, but also for its cash-strapped finances.

Barcelona got off to a good start to the week when they beat Valencia 3-1 on Sunday night, with Ansu Fati making a huge impact on his return from injury.

Barca coach Ronald Koeman replaced the 18-year-old after an hour and Fati is certain to start on Wednesday, with Memphis Depay alongside him in attack.

Koeman will have to make adjustments in defense, however, where an injury to Ronald Araujo and Eric Garcia's suspension after he was sent off in Lisbon means that either Samuel Umtiti or Clement Lenglet will partner Gerard Pique at the heart of the Barca defense.

The Dutchman clearly has no faith in either of the two players, but it is Lenglet, who has one appearance this season, who is likely to get the nod, while Jordi Alba and Sergi Roberto continue as full-backs.

Koeman is still without the injured Pedri, Ousmane Dembele and Martin Braithwaite, but will have Sergio Aguero on the bench after the Argentinian's long-awaited debut in the closing minutes of Sunday's win.

Two more Spanish sides are in Champions League action on Wednesday night with Villarreal needing to bounce back from their first La Liga defeat of the campaign in their visit to Young Boys in Switzerland.

Villarreal are currently bottom of their group and need at least a point to avoid being cut off from the top.

Meanwhile, Sevilla travel to Lille in a tight Group G, where they have two draws from their first two matches in the stage. Enditem

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智能除菌沐浴更健康 海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1体验******

  智能除菌沐浴更健康 海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1体验

  浴室因为其特殊性,在家庭中也是最潮湿的环境,在潮湿环境下往往就更容易滋生细菌。为了改善浴室的环境以及为用户提供更舒适的温暖环境,海尔推出了旗舰级的物联网除菌浴霸X7U1,在加热取暖的同时,也能够起到除菌的作用,带来更健康的生活环境。

  海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1也支持手机端操作,并且可以与其他海尔智联设备进行互联,带来更加智能化的生活体验,今天我们就来体验一下海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1。

  外观

  海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1采用了传统的白色机身,在面板上加入了黑色的装饰条,并且将屏幕隐藏在其中,当设备启动,会在屏幕上显示温度以及湿度信息。

  海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1集成了LED照明灯,大尺寸的照明能够为浴室提供足够的亮度,通过海尔智家APP还可以将照明灯光设置为夜灯模式,在夜间照明也不会刺眼。

  海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1的出风口采用空调式横向大摆页,摆页角度为60°-120°,可以多方位的送风,避免直吹带来的不适,让浴室内的温度上升更加均匀。

  海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1采用了双腔隔离的箱体设计,电控部分与主机是分开的。主机箱体采用了金属材质,具有抗氧化、耐变形以及阻燃性好的优势。特别是在浴室这种使用场景,一体的暖风机设计能够进行有效的防水,保护机身的内部零件,起到延长浴霸寿命的作用。

  海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1拥有两个大尺寸的风轮,采用吹排独立系统,制暖的同时可以进行换气。海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1的滚珠轴承电机在运行时更加稳定高效,同时寿命也更长。

  安装

  海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1采用了标准的吊顶尺寸,能够匹配市面上的绝大多数吊顶设计,安装完毕能够实现严丝合缝,不会影响浴室的整体造型。浴霸厚度仅为225px,纤薄的身形也能够适配更广泛的浴室吊顶。

  海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1采用了悬浮顶的设计,带来更强的科技感。

  在海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1的显示屏上,也会显示当前的温度和湿度信息。

  在安装之后,海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1的触控开关中间位置也会显示当前的温度,如果需要使用浴霸的某一项功能,直接点击对应的文字即可,会有对应的触控灯亮起。

  健康除菌

  海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1在开启取暖或吹风功能时,能够自动释放等离子,从而起到净化空气的效果,包括大肠杆菌、金黄色葡萄球菌、白色念珠菌、霉菌等常见菌类的除菌率达到了99%。

  海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1的除菌技术已经获得了国家实用型专利,对于封闭式的卫生间来说,海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1的除菌功能将会是非常重要的。

  如果家中有小宝宝,更是需要注意浴室的健康环境,包括腹泻、皮肤病等疾病都可能会在浴室中进行传播,海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1能够将细菌杀灭,从而带给用户一个干净卫生的环境。

  测试

  相比传统的灯暖,海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1这样的风暖型浴霸依靠风机来输送热量,因此也会有人担心风机启动的噪音问题,对此我们也进行了噪音测试,当启动海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1时,风机转动的声音大概在57.7dBA,相当于室内谈话的声音,对于噪音的控制还是非常不错的。

  对于浴霸来说,最关键的当然就是温度了,灯暖浴霸的优势就是升温快,开启后就能感受到温暖,而风暖型的浴霸的升温需要一个过程,我们也对升温进行了一个测试。

  测试浴室面积3.3平米,室内温度是25℃,我们在此基础上进行升温的测试。

  经过测试,在6分30秒浴室内的温度达到了38℃,这已经是一个比较舒适的温度了。

  经过7分46秒,浴室内的温度就达到了40℃,这个时候整个浴室内的温度已经属于比较高的了。

  海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1虽在升温上的速度优势并不明显,但是得益于摆页的设计,会带来一个比较均匀的升温环境,不会出现热风只聚集在浴霸下方的情况,在沐浴时会更加的舒适。

  智能连接

  作为一款智能浴霸,海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1与传统浴霸的差异就在于可联网,通过手机进行远程控制。这样的好处就是我们即使不在家,也能够对浴霸进行操作。例如,当我们结束一天的工作,可以在路上提前让浴霸开启,这样当我们到家后,浴室内就已经达到了适合沐浴的温度,可以直接进行淋浴。

  我们还可以通过海尔智家APP对浴霸的温度进行设置,一般情况下40℃就已经能够保证整个浴室的温暖。

  总结

  海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1是一款集照明、取暖、除湿、换气等多种功能于一体的智能浴霸,功能全面,但是价格却只有1299元,带来了更高的性价比。

  同时,海尔物联网除菌浴霸X7U1不但具备了目前智能浴霸的功能,还融入了健康理念,能够进一步提升用户的使用体验。

北京大学给出95后使用手机白皮书:最爱是苹果,但国产比例高了******

原标题:北京大学给出95后使用手机白皮书:最爱是苹果,但国产比例高了

关于现在的年轻人的消费观、价值观,我想是多数手机厂商很关心的点,因为他们是手机厂商新的客户、新的上帝。

最近,北京大学心理与认知科学学院发布了《95后手机使用心理与行为白皮书》。在这份白皮书中显示了中国95后关于手机的喜爱与偏爱,其中结果就跟随吉普的脚步一起看看。

据他们调研发现,并排列了95后使用手机分布比例图,排名前十的手机品牌分别是:

苹果:31.51%

荣耀:19.07%

华为:11.78%

小米:11.28%

OPPO:9.12%

vivo:6.8%

others:5.64%

三星:2.65%

魅族:1.99%

诺基亚:0.17%

可以很明显看出来,苹果iPhone手机是95后最爱的手机品牌,并且优势很明显,与第二名荣耀拉开了12.44%的差距。也可以从侧面了解到,苹果iPhone手机虽然现在颓势出现了,但依旧是95后最爱的手机品牌。再加上苹果iPhone手机的品牌粘度还可以,所以这部分95后未来使用过的手机品牌,很大可能还是苹果iPhone手机。

除了others、三星、苹果、诺基亚,我们会发现整个榜单上,国产手机是占了绝大部分,并且各自的比例都不低,这也说明了国产手机的确越做越好,95后能够选择它们,说明还是有一定道理的。国产手机崛起也已经成为一个既定的事实,国人都自己支持国产手机,那么国产手机就有了很好的生存土壤,也给国产手机走出国门的机会。

在这里面,我感觉比较可惜的是魅族这一手机品牌,明明有一片大好光景,明明可以走上国内一线手机品牌阵营,可现在已经不如三星手机,95后选择它的实在太少了。

而最令我意外是诺基亚这个手机品牌,起初我还以为看错了,仔细一看确实是它,一度以为这个品牌在年轻用户中消失了,没想到还是有存在感的,尽管这个存在感有点弱。

如果您有什么想说的,可以在评论区留言,一起讨论。如果你喜欢我的文章,动动手指点个赞,就是对我最大鼓舞!

摆脱对俄依赖 英国25年来首次未从俄进口任何燃料

1.今明两天北京雷雨频繁 外出需注意防雷避雨

2.“80后”女正厅段颖被查!30岁就已任县长

3.东风本田思域e:HEV正式上市 售价15.99万起

4.美国过去一周新增病例超45万 疫情下超30%美国人失亲友

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